Being a UNESCO World Heritage Site of cultural, historical and architectural, Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park is an incredible place where you can learn about architecture, slavery and engineering. Visitors will be taken back in time as they see the brilliance of British military engineers who designed it, and skill and strength of African slaves who built and maintained these important structures.
With over 10 resorted and ruined buildings including forts, and bastions, still standing, it is one of the best preserved historical fortifications in the Americas, and a must-visit for anyone who wants to know more about St Kitts. Here are five of historic sites not to miss when visiting Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park.
Fort George Citadel
The main area on Brimstone is Fort George Citadel. The citadel is played a significant role in getting the national park its UNESCO Heritage Site status. The construction of this amazing architectural building took place between 1789 and 1790, today it is one of the oldest and most well-preserved surviving examples of British Polygonal Fortification found anywhere in the world. It is currently home to Fort George Museum which gives visitors great insight into the fortress.
Artillery Officers Quarters and Cookhouse
Located at the base of hill known as Fort Charlotte, this area was home to the officer in charge of artillery and his second in command. The officers lived in two storey rectangular masonry structure which today, even though it is ruins, is magnificent building with the massive arches on the ground floor. There is also a cookhouse which includes a 1800s restored stove where servants prepared officers meals.
Once home to a timber Governors House, today Fort Charlotte is just a grassy mound located south of the Parade which has become known as Monkey Hill. To access this area, visitors to the national park need to ascend a ramp which curves around the summit. The only evidence of the Governors House is in two painting done by Lieutenant James Lees of the Royal Engineers. Prints of these painting can be bought at the gift shop.
Located to the front right of Magazine Bastion is Barrier Redan. Completed in 1799, this defensive feature of the area has gun positioned on its right facing the road which lead to its gate and the neighbouring hillsides. Barrier Redan like all of the other buildings in the national park played a huge role in protecting the British empire.
Prince of Wales Bastion
Completed in the 1790s, the Prince of Wales Bastion was built as a defence work against enemies with armed forces who surround it. It was also capable of defending Fort Charles at a nearby coastal fort. Today this bastion is one of the most well-preserved area at the national park, and has some of the most beautiful views from the front of it. After restoration of the area Prince Charles opened the first restoration area that was Prince of Wales Bastion in the early 1990s.